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About The Brown-backed Parrotlet

The brown-backed parrotlet is a species that goes by a number of different names, include the black eared parrotlet, Wied's parrotlet and the black backed parrotlet. The species is, like most parrotlet birds, a small species of parrot, averaging around 6 inches (15 centimeters) in height. The species lives in Southeastern Brazil with a range between Bahia and the southern end of Sao Paulo. Little is known of the species, and it has been studied mostly in the low set montane evergreen forests of its range. It generally lives at a height of between 500 to 1,200 meters (1,600 to 3,900 feet), but in other parts of its range, particularly tie Itatiaia National Park, it goes as high as 1,400 meters (4,600 feet) while elsewhere in Bahia and Sao Paulo, it is found very near to sea level.

The brown-backed parrotlet is a mystery to most scientists. Many researchers suspect seasonal migrations or seasonal dispersals, but other researchers believe these behaviors are little more than short movements between altitudes rather than true migration or dispersal. Its diet is mostly unknown, but it subsists heavily the larger leguminous seeds and a variety of fruits, particularly the fruit of the clusia plants, as well as the fruits of parasitic mistletoe plants native to its lands. Observations of the bird eating clusia fruits are few and somewhat inclusive. Even the species' breeding season is unknown for certain, though some research hints that the breeding season is between the months of September and October. The main difference between young birds and older birds of these species is the coloration of their orbital ring (which is paler in younger birds) and the color of their cere (older birds have a dark grey cere, while younger birds have a more flesh colored cere).

The coloration of these birds is quite vivid despite the species' shyness, and gets its name from the dark brown back feathers, mantle feathers and tertial feathers. Brown and black feathers also occur around the scapulars, while most of the rest of the rest of the bird is a bright green color, with noticeable blue and red feathers around the wings. It lives most of its life in the upper canopies of the forests it lives in, making its study difficult to say the least. However, its calls are quite distinctive, and have a number of rattling notes that have allowed experienced locals of the region to identify the birds without seeing them.

Never a common bird, even two hundred years ago, the species is listed on the IUCN's Red List as Endangered. The species is never found in captivity barring the illicit wild bird trade that is outlawed under a number of national and international conventions and laws forbidding the trapping and keeping of birds so critically endangered. Given as so little is known about the species, even capturing one (a highly unlikely event in and of itself) will typically lead to the parrot dying before it can even be put in a human cage.

How To Train Your Dog To Be Civilized

We all adore having pets in our house. A pet is also regarded as a friend animal. Pets tend to provide corporeal and emotional support to their owners. They turn out to be great buddies for those who remain almost isolated from the society in deliberate terms or are made secluded by the combined action of the society.

Breeds of pets

Pets are not of singular kind. In generalized terms, people prefer to keep cats and dogs but some also go for these ones: rodents, rabbits, hamsters, fancy rats, turtles, fishes such as: Gold fish, tropical fish. Frogs and Arthropod pets are also preferred. Techniques involved in Pet Training



Pet Training is not a simple task at all. It involves the expert guidance and few steps that are to be executed for the sake of adequate training. Some of these techniques are discussed herein: Positive Reinforcement- Optimistic reinforcement is very necessary in the act of training a pet. It involves giving the pet something he or she adores. This will improve the possibility on his side to continue performing the good behavior. The next option is negative punishment in which the owner tends to extract something which the pet likes. This is done in order to eradicate the undesirable behavior from the pet.

find on amazon Incentive and Belligerence- Trainers tend to teach the aggressive pets the basic and indispensible behavior which might be absent from them. They also educate them to control their aggression in situations which might trigger their aggressive behavior. No Hostility- It must be kept in mind that even pets have feelings. While training them the trainer must not get aggressive or hurt them. This will make the pet aggressive towards the trainer and will also not be able to learn the desired behavior. Rude behavior might also scare the pet and make the pet dishonest and stubborn. This will hinder the training process.

Rewarding punishment-

Sometimes the punishment is also rewarding. This is done when the pet is doing something which is not desirable to the owner. For example: if the pet is biting on the collar or hand of the owner then he will chide the pet. This will not increase but decrease the possibility of that behavior to occur again. This type of punishment is executed to cut down on the pessimistic and harmful habits of the pet. Necessity of training Training of the pet is very important in order to push up the control on the behavioral issues of the owned animal. This is also exercised so that the pet is able to fit in within the company of its human owners. To train a pet, a professional trainer is to be brought into exercise because a novice individual will be unskilled and wont be able to manage the conduct of the pet.

The Fast Approach To A Well Trained Dog



Training your dog is important for a wide variety of reasons, including safety and health concerns, among others. Whether you plan on training your dog yourself or taking the animal to a professional trainer, the following tips can help you to end up with an obedient, well-behaved pet.

If you don't have the time, money or inclination to take your naughty dog to a professional trainer, you can obedience train your pooch at home to turn him into a well-behaved family member by following a few simple tips. Within a matter of weeks, your dog should be able to "sit," "stay," and "come" on demand. Some dogs learn at faster rates than others, but prepare yourself to be patient. Use positive reinforcement in the form of praise and treats to reward your dog each time he listens. If he makes a mistake, correct him in a firm voice without yelling. Limit your training to a few short sessions per day, approximately 10 minutes each. Make sure you are in a quiet room or yard with no distractions. Be consistent with your hand signals and verbal instructions. Once your dog has mastered these simple commands, it's time to train him how to fetch your slippers and bring you breakfast in bed!

Use the right size crate for effective crate training. As your dog gets older, he will probably grow larger. Select a crate that is large enough for them to fit in when they are older. The ideal size would be one that doesn't make your dog crowded when turning around or laying down.

When you are training your dog, make sure you are very patient. Different dog breeds learn at different rates. One dog can learn quickly while another dog will take a long time. If you are impatient you will stress your dog and he will be resistant to your best training efforts.

Try to schedule each training session at roughly the same time each day. You want your dog to get into a pattern where he know's it's coming and is excited for it. If your dog is excited for it he's much more likely to succeed, just as if humans are excited for something they're more likely to succeed.

You need to leash train your dog. Think of the leash as a safety requirement.

Dogs usually respond well to physical rewards when being trained. Almost all dogs have an extremely large capacity for love. That makes them respond very well to rewards like belly scratching, back petting and brushing. Your dog wants to be loved and greatly appreciates you giving him affection. Show your happiness with his success this way.

To prevent your dog from chewing, you should apply a smelly substance on objects that your dog is not supposed to chew. Buy some chew toys for your dog: some dogs chew because they are going through teething, and some use chewing as a way of releasing stress caused by loneliness.

Stimulate your dog every day to help prevent nuisance behaviors, such as barking. A bored dog is more likely to bark continuously in an effort to gain attention. If you get your dog out for regular walks and exercise, you may find that this behavior stops. You will have a happier dog, and be a happier owner.

A dog needs to be trained from the outset. You and he will find it much easier to learn how do the right thing than unlearn the wrong. To avoid begging at the table, avoid giving the dog food off the table to begin with.

When deciding to train your dog, make sure that you have patience towards your pet. All dogs are unique and learn at different paces. To be effective in training your pooch, make sure you have the patience to see it through. Treat your dog with kindness even if he or she may try your patience.

Dog training tips

To succeed at dog training, it is necessary to commit yourself to a regular schedule of training sessions. You will teach your dog by being repetitive and doing things on a consistent basis. Taking the time to bond with your dog will prove to him or her that you are worthy of their love and loyalty. Doing these things for your dog will ensure your place as the pack leader.

Dog Trainer

When looking to hire a dog trainer, finding someone who uses positive training techniques can be very beneficial. Your dog will respond better to praises, treats, and encouragement than to physical or mental agitation. Negative training methods can be very ineffective and cause harm to the animal as well.

These tips help to explain why it is necessary to ensure that your dog is properly trained. Even if a professional trainer teaches your dog how to behave, in the end, your dog has to listen to you, the owner. By following these tips, you can make sure that your dog always knows who's in charge.

A Few Thing To Know About Parrotlets

There are many people that love to have parakeets, pigeons, and a wide variety of other birds for pets at their home. One of the more popular species right now are those that originate out of middle and South America called parrotlets. Touits, Nannopsittaca and Forpus are part of the many generas that are available, each possessing a very stocky build with short tails. In nature, they traveled together in flocks, with as many as 100 birds and tend to choose lifelong mates. These birds of the smallest to be bred in captivity, and there are many places that they can be purchased. Let us look at a brief overview of these beautiful birds and why you might want to own one for yourself.

An Overview Of Parrotlets

Parrotlets are about 5 inches in length, look very similar to parakeets, but are much more distinct in color. Probably the most popular one, the Pacific parrotlets is also one of the most common of this species, originating from central America and even Mexico. Part of the family of parrots, with their blunt tail and stout bodies, they tend to have a blue streak near their eyes, rump, and also have a distinct green color. You can tell if email from a mail because of the lack of blue coloring and sometimes the absence of the blue streak which is typically near their eyes. One of the reasons for their popularity other than their appearance is that they are perfect for people that live in homes or apartments where having little noise is always appreciated. Parrots are known for their very loud voices, yet parrotlets are extremely quiet. Despite this, they are also able to learn simple phrases, and will repeat words that they are taught. They can also become aggressive if you do not pay enough attention to them, and they have a very strong beak, and aspect of the species that many people forget until they are actually bitten.

Behavior And Personality Traits

These birds have a very distinct personality, one that is typically not submissive. They can be affectionate, yet they are extremely willful and feisty birds, and are great companions for people that enjoy hand feeding their birds on a regular basis. Studies have shown that the more handling that these birds have with humans, the more likely it is that they will become extremely tame and docile. However, they are seldomly recommended as the perfect pet for kids, making them very much a bird for adults that have time on their hands in order to handle them with care.

Places To Look To Find Parrotlets For Sale

Although you can find parrotlets at many pet stores, you might want to consider researching to find where the best prices will be finding parrotlet birds for sale online. The amount of money that you spend may dramatically shift once you have found a company that regularly sells birds at a discount, and you will be able to take advantage of their low prices. Make sure that you choose one that has what appears to be a more gentle disposition before bringing it home, giving you a higher chance of being able to handle the bird without incident. They are very beautiful animals, ones that you should certainly own if you enjoy parrots, or similar birds, a pet that you will certainly be proud of.

How To Train Your Dog To Be Civilized

We all adore having pets in our house. A pet is also regarded as a friend animal. Pets tend to provide corporeal and emotional support to their owners. They turn out to be great buddies for those who remain almost isolated from the society in deliberate terms or are made secluded by the combined action of the society.


Breeds of pets


Pets are not of singular kind. In generalized terms, people prefer to keep cats and dogs but some also go for these ones: rodents, rabbits, hamsters, fancy rats, turtles, fishes such as: Gold fish, tropical fish. Frogs and Arthropod pets are also preferred.


Techniques involved in Pet Training

Pet Training is not a simple task at all. It involves the expert guidance and few steps that are to be executed for the sake of adequate training. Some of these techniques are discussed herein:







Positive Reinforcement- Optimistic reinforcement is very necessary in the act of training a pet. It involves giving the pet something he or she adores. This will improve the possibility on his side to continue performing the good behavior. The next option is negative punishment in which the owner tends to extract something which the pet likes. This is done in order to eradicate the undesirable behavior from the pet.



Incentive and Belligerence- Trainers tend to teach the aggressive pets the basic and indispensible behavior which might be absent from them. They also educate them to control their aggression in situations which might trigger their aggressive behavior.
No Hostility- It must be kept in mind that even pets have feelings. While training them the trainer must not get aggressive or hurt them. This will make the pet aggressive towards the trainer and will also not be able to learn the desired behavior. Rude behavior might also scare the pet and make the pet dishonest and stubborn. This will hinder the training process.
Rewarding punishment- Sometimes the punishment is also rewarding. This is done when the pet is doing something which is not desirable to the owner. For example: if the pet is biting on the collar or hand of the owner then he will chide the pet. This will not increase but decrease the possibility of that behavior to occur again. This type of punishment is executed to cut down on the pessimistic and harmful habits of the pet.


Necessity of training


Training of the pet is very important in order to push up the control on the behavioral issues of the owned animal. This is also exercised so that the pet is able to fit in within the company of its human owners. To train a pet, a professional trainer is to be brought into exercise because a novice individual will be unskilled and wont be able to manage the conduct of the pet.


outdoor dog bed review from the experts

New To Dog Training? Consider This Advice!





how to potty train your dog

Sometimes training your dog can seem downright impossible, especially if the strategies you are using are not working and your pup seems to be more hard-headed than ever. However, there are ways to break through and get real results. You can use the advice in this article to start a dog training program that will set you on the path to success.



When you are training your new dog or puppy that will be living indoors a good thing to do is the crate training. The dogs first impressions of the crate are the most important. Try putting some dog treats around the crate and leading into it so that they can walk around and inside the crate. Make sure that you are positive and upbeat so that they know it's a good thing.



Enforce the commands that you give your dog. Do not let up until they complete the task you have asked them to do. If you are not serious about making them do what you have commanded, then they will learn that they don't have to do it. Follow through is key to training.



Reward your dog for obeying you, but only occasionally. Rewards like treats and excessive praise can be useful tools when training your dog. Just be careful that you do not condition them to expect this every time they do as they are are told. Reward them for following instruction, but do so randomly.



Timing is everything in dog training, and you need to make sure you don't overdo it. Start out with a small training session and up the time every day. Watch to see if the dog's attention begins to fade during sessions.



Food and treats can be your ally in training your dog to seek out his crate. Allow your dog to find strategically placed bits of food and a few treats every once in awhile when he returns to his crate. He will make it a habit of checking the crate out more regularly just in case something else has miraculously appeared there.



When training your dog, use the dog's name when you want their attention. This ensures that you will have good verbal control when you go outside your home, and good verbal control is absolutely vital to responsible pet ownership. Never call your dog to you in order to dish out punishment, as this will create a negative connection.



Make your dog training fun for both you and your animal. If you are not having fun then more than likely, your dog is not either. This can lead to you both having a bad experience. The more fun you can make your dog training the faster it will go for both of you. Try to look at dog training as a game, and not as a chore.



Use your dog's name often to get and keep his attention. When you first get a dog it is important to say his name often, so that he will associate it to himself and will be more apt to pay attention to you when you call it. Choose a shorter name that can stand out from other terms.



The type of leash, collar, and harness are very important to take into consideration when training a dog. The bigger the dog the more secure these items will need to be. Also if one has a dog that pulls on the leash a harness should be used to control the animal opposed to a choke chain or collar. The right equipment is essential to dog training.



A great dog training tip is to get rid of your dog's food dish. Dogs like searching for things. They like to explore, and they like using their nose to locate goodies. By losing your dog's food dish and by hiding dog food throughout the house, your dog will become much happier.



Shy dogs benefit from re-socializing. Oftentimes, dogs have behavioral incidents with certain situations, certain people or other dogs, that go unnoticed by us. We might not realize, but these interactions have given our dogs a sour taste about these circumstances. Re-socializing your dog to the stimuli he's upset by, can help him overcome his anxiety.



It's maddening to come home to a house full of chewed up couch cushions and tipped over waste baskets! If you have to leave your pooch alone all day, he can become bored and lonely. Try exercising him more in the morning and at night when you get home. You may even consider a pet walker to walk him during the day if finances allow. You can sometimes train your dog to stop destructive behavior just by tiring him out!



Feed your dog twice per day (or number of times your veterinarian recommends), and then take the food away after 15 minutes. When giving treats, ask your dog to sit or lay down, so they understand treats should be earned. When your pet understands you are the food provider and treats are not simply free, they see you as the leader.



Each dog will respond to different training methods. A loving dog will more than likely respond well to positive reinforcement. On the other hand, an aggressive dog may respond well to negative reinforcement that shows him your alpha position. When training isn't going as planned, try a new method.



Your puppy or adult dog should always be deterred from chewing on his leash. Not only is this behavior potentially unsafe, but it may stem from the dog being frustrated by being on leash in the first place. Distract the dog and reward any times he isn't chewing. Using his other commands is useful in times like these!



Training your pup isn't impossible, even though there are times when it can seem that way, there are things you can do to get over those tough hurdles. Make sure that you start with these tips and hunt out other such tips from the internet, so you can get off to the best start to successfully train your dog.